Resources

Documents confirming the obligations not to recognize and assist illegal settlements 

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The Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Wall (2004)

 that recognizes that all states are under an obligation not to recognize or render aid or assistance to the illegal situation created by Israel’s violations of international law in occupied Palestinian territory.

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 (2016)

 that confirms that Israeli settlements have no legal validity and constitute a flagrant violation of international law, and calls on all states to distinguish in their dealings between the territory of the State of Israel and the territories occupied since 1967.

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A report by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (2016)

that recognizes that the encouragement of economic activity in Israeli settlements is a reason for settlement expansion.

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 465 (1980)

 that calls upon all States not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used specifically in connection with settlements in the occupied territories.

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An open letter from over 40 legal experts (2015)

 that confirms that trading with Israeli settlements is illegal and calls on legislators in the European Union and the individual Member States to withhold from trading with them.

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Relevant international legal texts

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The ILC Articles on State responsibility (2001)

that codify customary international law and recognizes that all states have the obligations of non-recognition and non-assistance when another state violates the highest norms of international law.

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The Fourth Geneva Convention (1949)

that confirms the fundamental prohibition of the transfer of civilian population of the occupying force to the occupied territory, the prohibition of pillaging the occupied territory

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The Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (1994)

that confirms the objectives of free trade as raising standards of living, ensuring full employment and a large and steadily growing volume of real income and effective demand, and expanding the production of and trade in goods and services.

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Scholarly articles highlighting the violations of Israel and the need to stop trade with settlements

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A peer-reviewed academic article (2012) in the Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies

that sets out in detail the obligation of states to withhold from trading in order not to recognize and assist settlements and their economic activity in occupied territories.

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A peer-reviewed academic post (2017) in the European Journal of International Law

that explains international law and how the consequence of the UN Resolution 2334 on Settlements is that states have to stop trade with settlements.

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The UNESCWA Report (2017)

The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia report accuses Israel of having established « an apartheid regime that oppresses and dominates the Palestinian people as a whole ».

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A peer-reviewed academic article (2013) in the European Journal of International Law

that explains the argumentation and legal evidence that the situation in the West Bank, including Israel’s settlement enterprise, constitutes Apartheid.

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UN Database (2020)

Human Rights Council List of Companies complicit in illegal Israeli settlements

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